View larger. Hardcover December 21, Paperback December 28, T ranslating cutting-edge research into practical recommendations for assessment and instruction, this book has helped thousands of readers understand the key role of phonological awareness in the development of reading, writing, and spelling.
It clearly shows how children's knowledge about the sound structure of spoken language contributes to literacy acquisition. Evidence-based strategies are described for enhancing all learners' phonological awareness and effectively supporting those who are struggling ages 3— The book discusses ways to tailor instruction and intervention for a broad range of students, including English language learners ELLs and those with reading or language disorders.
The ability to attend to and distinguish environmental and speech sounds from one another . Although some two-year-old children demonstrate phonological awareness, for most children, phonological awareness appears in the third year, with accelerating growth through the fourth and fifth years. For example, tasks involving the detection of similar or dissimilar sounds e. The development of phonological awareness is closely tied to overall language and speech development. Vocabulary size, as well as other measures of receptive and expressive semantics, syntax, and morphology, are consistent concurrent and longitudinal predictors of phonological awareness.
Phonological development and articulatory accuracy is often correlated to phonological awareness skills, both for children with typical speech   and those with disordered speech. Phonological awareness is an important determiner of success in learning to read and spell.
Oral Language Resources
For most children, strong readers have strong phonological awareness, and poor readers have poor phonological awareness skills. Phonological awareness and literacy is often explained by decoding and encoding. Especially in the early stages of reading, decoding involves mapping letters in the word to their corresponding sounds, and then combining those sounds to form a verbal word.